On 12 May the World Business Council for Sustainable Development reports that its members who demonstrate taking ESG factors into account have been beating major stock exchange benchmarks by 4.3 – 9.4% in 2020 up to the end of April. Its listed members in Europe beat the STOXX Europe 600 benchmark by a margin of 4.3%. Member companies from China and India outperformed their benchmarks (Hang Seng & BSE Sensex) by 7.5% and 9.4%. Various studies confirm past research indication that responsible investments outperform in crisis times. Data provider Morningstar reports from its examination of 745 Europe-based ESG funds that they outpaced traditional funds during the market sell-off sparked by COVID-19 in the 1st quarter 2020, delivering average excess returns of up to 1.83%. Morningstar found that most ESG funds outperformed the wider market over the last decade.