In August the European Electric Car Report signals that during the first seven months of 2020 the West European electric passenger car market outpaced that of China. Europe bought half a million electric (EV) and plug-in hybrid (PHEV) cars in the first half of 2020 and is on track to sell a million plug-in cars this year for the first time in history. Electric cars have been boosted by government and OEM backed purchase subsidies, as well as fiscal subsidies in major markets in a response to the COVID-19 pandemic and assisting OEMs in meeting tougher EU-wide fleet average CO2 emissions legislation. Citroën launched its 100% electric car ë-C4 on 30 June, having launched its two-seater Ami earlier in 2020. Other popular electric cars in Europe include the Tesla Model 3, Renault Zoe, Nissan Leaf, Porsche Taycan and Hyundai Ioniq Electric.